Union forces achieve two early victories in 1862, taking Fort Henry in Kentucky and Roanoke Island in North Carolina.
Union General George Thomas’ victory at Mill Springs, Kentucky in early 1862 cracks one end of the Confederate defense line in the west, leading to the loss of Kentucky and part of Tennessee.
Confederate forces under Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson launch a campaign to capture Romney, Virginia during the first week of 1862.
Union forces attempt to dislodge Confederates from the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike once and for all. They are repulsed just as the Confederates had been in a similar attempt at nearby Cheat Mountain several months earlier.