While the Confederate army continues their siege of Chattanooga, the Confederate navy tries a new tactic in Charleston.
Increasing Union pressure forced the Confederate to evacuate Battery Wager near Charleston, while William Rosecrans maneuvered against Braxton Bragg’s near Chattanooga, Tennessee. The construction of the Laird Rams caused a diplomatic controversy between the United States and Great Britain.
August 1863 finds most military action in deep south.
Charleston Harbor is site of new weapon. Lee offers to resign as Confederate chief and Union debates role of blacks in its army.