In Missouri, Union forces continued their march southward down the Mississippi River, capturing the town of New Madrid, Missouri; while in North Carolina, Ambrose Burnside’s expedition captured the town of New Bern on the Neuse River.
In January 1862, legendary ship designer John Ericsson completes construction on the U.S.S. Monitor, the U.S. Navy’s first ironclad warship.
During the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress in Washington, D.C., congress established the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War to investigate the management of the Union war effort.
Following the defeat at First Bull Run, President Lincoln replaced Irvin McDowell with General George B. McClellan. In the Far West, meanwhile, southern forces occupied several positions in New Mexico in an effort to secure that region for the Confederacy.